Difficulties encountered which could be enhanced
A concussion is a brain injury caused by an impact to the head, an acceleration, sudden deceleration or torsion of the cranial box. The symptoms can vary greatly from person to person.
When an individual suffers an impact to the head or any of the other mechanical phenomena mentioned, it is important for the person to report to the hospital if they have symptoms. In many cases, the emergency physician will decide to perform a scan or magnetic resonance to ensure that there is no bleeding or damage to the brain structures. On the other hand, these tests do not make it possible to analyze brain activity. In more than 85% of cases, these tests stand out as normal, even in the presence of Severe Sequelae, according to neurologist Jonathan Walker.1.
Several symptoms are related to brain activity such as difficulty with attention, concentration, memory, anxiety, depressed mood, fatigue, headaches, and problems with sleep. In such cases, an EEGq will often make a clear link between the symptoms and a deviant brain activity of the norm.
When an individual suffers brain trauma, neurons will die and the electrical activity of the brain will be affected. Depending on where the damage has occurred, the symptoms may be different.
At the Neuroperforma Clinic, during the evaluation, we will perform a quantitative electroencephalogram (EEGq), which measures the electrical activity of the brain at 2400 locations at a time, in 3 dimensions. This reading will allow us to see areas of the brain that are hypoactive or hyperactive, which could explain the emergence, for example, of attention difficulties, anxiety, irritability or sleep difficulties).
The neuropsychologist will then interpret the results of the EEGq so as to make the links between the difficulties experienced and the deviations of brain activity. This will help set up a Neurofeedback training program that will aim to bring brain activity back to normal functioning.
Neurofeedback training will target areas or networks that have significant deviations and for which there are symptoms or difficulties. For example, if the individual has difficulties in attention or memory, we will train these networks. If he has more difficulties with sleep, mood or anxiety, we will target them, and so on.
Video in french only
According to a study by Dale Foster, presented at the ISNR annual conference in September 20132, Neurofeedback is the most effective approach to treat many persistent symptoms following head trauma or during a post-traumatic stress disorder.
Did you know that the US Army uses the same devices and software as Neuroperforma to help their soldiers suffering from concussion and post-traumatic stress?
1. Walker, J. E. (2007). A neurologist’s experience with QEEG-guided Neurofeedback following brain injury. Chapter in J. R. Evans (Ed.), Handbook of Neurofeedback. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Medical Press, pp. 353-361.
2. LORETA Z Score Neurofeedback in the treatment of Veterans with PTSD and TBI
Thursday, September 19, 2013, 10:50 AM – 11:20 AM
Dale Foster, Memphis Integral Neurofeedback Institute
Katherine Veazey-Morris, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Memphis, TN